Search This Blog

Sunday, June 25, 2017

Sibling Saturday: Robertson's Marry Thornton's

Marie Margaret Robertson was born 12 Aug 1899 and on 24 Nov 1915 she married Alphonse James Thornton born 4 sep 1889 Hubbard, NE . During their wedding they introduced Marie's sister Louise Cecelia Robertson born 10 sep 1898 in Sioux City, IA to Alphonse's brother Edward Joseph Thornton Jr. born 29 sep 1892 in Hubbard, NE

Marie Margaret Robertson

Alphonse James  Thornton 

And low and behold they married on 3 Sep 1917 in the same church, St. Boniface Catholic Church in Sioux City Iowa.

Louise Cecelia Robertson

Unfortunately I do not have a photo of Edward James Thornton.

Louise & Ed had 6 children together and long happy marriage he died in 1974 and she died in 1971
Marie & Alphonse had 10 children and a long happy marriage He died in 1959 and she died 1989

Friday, June 23, 2017

Family Friends Friday: Auntie Dee

When I was little living in Aberdeen, SD. My mom had a best friend named Dee Siert (Deanne Joyce Gates). They met at ceramic classes they attended. 

This is my mom holding my brother Ray and my Auntie Dee

To this day they still talk and share all their up's and down's

In 1979 Auntie Dee's son Dillon was killed in a grain elevator and died he was 18 years old. She believes he was murdered, something to do with drugs other people were doing that worked there or lived their. 

When she received the news of her son's death we had just moved from California to Bismarck, ND and my mom went to Aberdeen to be with her friend. 

I write her once or twice a year and I should write more. She had a huge influence on me as I grew up. I was close to her other children, Linelle & Delynn.

We visited several times over the years and had a great time catching up. I will always remember her kindness her funny wit and most of all her laugh.

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Treasure Chest Thursday: Grandchildren

I have a treasure box and it's imaginary, but it holds 9 of the most beautiful treasurers you ever saw.
They sparkle like gems and they will dazzle your eyes. They will tickle your fancy and sometimes, blow your mind. 
Some are little some are big and there's even medium size ones.
They were all gift's from my 4 daughter's and the Heavens above. I keep them in my arms and in my heart.
I play with some, I teach them all the valuable lessons passed down from several generations and taught to me. 
I have special name that they all call me "NANA"
These treasure's are my grandchildren (a child of one's son or daughter.) and they are all my pride and joy. 

All I have ever wanted my whole life was to be a Mom, until I became a Nana. It has given me the chance to do things over and do them better. I wouldn't trade it for anything.

My oldest grandchild is Christopher Darrion Cook he is 10 years old and has the most loving and kindest nature about him. He is smart and he can build anything with Lego's (We might have an engineer or architect). He will be going into the 5th grade and he is very good at math.

Christopher Darrion Cook

 My next grandchild is Kayleigh Elizabeth Friday-Johnson
She is 9 years old and she loves to sing and can remember a song after listening to it once!

Then we have little Miss Olivia Marie Friday-Johnson who is 8 years old. She is the clown of all the grandchildren. She is funny and witty and full of life and sometime mischief. We have lots of fun pretending and having tea parties. She loves to model the clothes Nana sews for Generations Boutique.

My next Princess is Jada Marie Smith. She is curious about everything and asks lots of questions. She gives great hugs and cares about people's feelings. She is also the mother hen of the bunch, making sure all her little chicks are in a row. She's 8.

Next is Brooke Lynn Whittington also 8 years old (We were a busy bunch of people that year). She is funny and goofy and loves to snuggle with Nana and watch tv. She is my only grandchild that lives far away, Baltimore, MD. I miss her all the time and wish they would move back so I can spend more than a few days a year with her.

Next in line is Naviah John Friday-Johnson, he 7 years old and he is funny and very loving. He gives Nana big hugs and he tells me he prayed for me when he thinks I need it. This melts my heart and shows me he is paying attention in Sunday School when I take him. He and Christopher are best Buds.

Then we have Naziah Carmello Smith, this little guy has a great imagination. I spilt some tiny decorative rocks from a pot and they landed in the dirt in front of our front porch and Nayziah found the tiny little things and brought me a few and said they were his dinosaur eggs and I had to protect them. So I went into the house and found a small box that held some jewelry at some time and put his eggs in it. He was so proud of those dinosaur eggs, I still have them. He is going to be 5 in November.

Well only 2 more left and they were born only a few weeks apart.

Johnell Jamel Coley III but we call him Jamel. He is currently going through his terrible 2's and Nana watches him while Mommy works. I have my hands full. But this little guy is as smart as they come. He was talking at 6 months old say up and Nana. He also wants it now, there's no waiting. LOL
But he has Nana wrapped around his finger, but he has to mind me. We play together everyday and he loves Mickey Mouse Clubhouse and Hey Duggee. He will be 2 in July.

His shirt says it all!

Last but not least is Jordan Paul Smith he will be 2 in August. He is tiny but he runs like a quarterback with a purpose. He has the cutest giggle and he gives Nana kisses and he will tease you with them sometimes you will get one other times he goes to give you one and turns his head and laughs.

Look at those eyes!!!!

                                This is my Treasure Chest

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Wednesday’s Child: Ruth Beverly Wood

                   My beloved little 2nd cousin 1x 

Ruth Beverly Wood was born on 26 Jun 1923 in Rock Valley, Sioux, Iowa. She was born to Maude Ethel Warren & Howard Clendenon Wood. She was their 3rd child.

She died when she was 3 years old in 1927 in Hull, Sioux, Iowa. I have no idea as the cause. I did notice from her photo she has Down Syndrome, but that should not of caused her death. She is buried in Hope Cemetery. I created a Findagrave Memorial for her but have not yet gotten a photo of her grave.

Ruth Beverly Wood

   Isn't she a doll? How awful it must of been for this poor mother.                

Ruth with her siblings, Lucile Ethel Wood & Kenneth Howard Wood

The wood family

Maude Ethel Warren and her family had really gone through some troubling times.
You can see my other blog posts about the Warren/Robertson family.
Breaks my heart.

Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Tuesday Tip: Write It Down!

Over the last few weeks I have been working on my genealogy and organizing my Family Tree program. There was an update about a year ago the wiped out some branches of my tree. I always back it up but I can not find it anywhere. So I basically started all over, UGH.

I decided to download Rootsmagic and have two programs plus 2 online trees. One on Ancestry and one on

As I have been doing this huge undertaking, I am very thankful I had printed out most of my family on family group sheet and pedigree charts and filed them in file folders and put in plastic filing totes (The hugh one's). 

I am learning to add sources to my program in the Note feature  but I am also keeping a 3 ring binder with dividers for each surname. And a pedigree chart.

I honestly think it was easier doing genealogy by mail. Yes I am old school and I remember sitting and writing 20 letters a week for documents and records for my family history. There nothing more exciting than seeing the mail lady bringing up a pile of letters you know are about your ancestors. 

Although I can copy and past sources easier than writing it all down. I find it's still worth while to keep a notebook.

I started send data sheets once a year to family members to add children and grandchildren and marriage & divorce information. 

I keep my Family Data Sheets in here but it's getting full

 I am an organizing freak LOL But it pays off in the long run.
So make sure you always write it down.
Please share your organizing ideas. 

Monday, June 19, 2017

Military Monday: Jeremiah Becker

                        My 4th Great Uncle

Jeremiah Becker enlisted at Elgin, Illinois as a Private on 14 August 1862 in Company E of the 127th Illinois Infantry. He was mustered out on 5 June 1865.

Jeremiah applied for a Civil War invalid's pension on 27 October 1870.

Jeremiah Becker was born 17 May 1817 in Sharon, NY and died Jan 1907.
He had several occupations Boatman, Farmer and a lighthouse keeper. His first wife was Harriet Lamphere they separated between  1860 and 1870.  They had four children. Jeremiah was married on 11 January 1882 in Burdickville, Leelanau County to Betsy Ann (Stricklin) Minkler. Jeremiah was living in Traverse City in 1890 and was reported to suffer from general debility and deafness. He was living in Traverse City in 1894.

Betsy Becker died from heart disease on 18 January 1895 in Traverse City. She is buried in Oakwood Cemetery.

On 5 June 1900, Jeremiah was a pensioner living with the Albert Donner family at 103 N. Spruce Street in Traverse City.

Jeremiah died in January 1907 in Brewerton, Onondaga County, New York. He was buried in Pine Plains Cemetery in Clay, Onondaga County, New York. His first wife Harriet Becker died on 18 March 1911 in Alden, Freeborn County, Minnesota.

Jeremiah and Harriet (Lamphere) Becker were the parents of four children:

1. E MATILDA BECKER was born circa 1845 in New York
2. C E BECKER was born circa 1851 in New York.
3. MARTHA C BECKER was born circa 1854 in New York.
4. WILLIAM H H BECKER was born circa 1857 in Illinois.

Sunday, June 18, 2017

Sunday’s Obituary: William Small

Killed by Lightning- Mr. Wm Small
A farmer living about three miles of St. Charles, was instantly killed by lightning on Saturday afternoon last at about 3 o'clock. He was in the field at the time engaged in harvesting barley, his son driving the harvester, while he himself was putting the grain in shocks. A sudden storm coming up, he told his son to go to the barn with the team, while he would shook the small amount of grain remaining and go to the house. The son did as directed, After the storm passed-in which there was great electrical display- Mrs. Small inquired where her husband was, but could not ascertain from any of the children. The son then went to the field and found his father lying prone upon his face, dead. He had finished capping the shocks and had evidently started for the home when he was struck with the fatal bolt. The lightning struck him on the back of his head, passing down the spinal column, and cut at his boots, which were cut and disfigured. His back was greatly discolored. 
Mr Small was 44 years of age. He was born in Ireland, we believe-at least he was of Irish parentage. When the war broke out, he volunteered and served over three years in the army, being a gallant soldier. After the war was over, he married Miss Sophia Talbot, daughter of Wm. Talbot, sr., of St. Charles, and lived a short time at Pickwick, in this county. Subsequently he owned a farm near Quincy, but sold it and bought the one where he met his death. He was an honest and industrious man and a good neighbor and citizen. He leaves a wife and three children- a son, now of age and two daughters.
The funeral took place on Sunday afternoon, and was attended by a large concourse of people. The remains were interred in Hillside cemetery.
Rev. Mr. Kidder officiated.

He actually had 4 children

Charles William Small
Minnie Sophia Small
Lillie Belle Small
Agnes Small

William Small, Company D, 7th Regiment Minnesota Volunteers

                     My relation to him: Husband of Sister-in-law of 1st cousin 3x removed

Saturday, June 17, 2017

Surname Saturday: Joel Maxson

Joel was born on 28 May 1742 in Westerly, R.I. and he died on 5 Sep 1762 in Westerly R.I. At the age of 20.

In 1762 He was a Pvt. in the expedition against Havana, Cuba.

Siege Map of Havana

This is the capture of Havana

The Battle of Havana (1762) was a military action from March to August 1762, as part of the Seven Years' War. British forces besieged and captured the city of Havana, which at the time was an important Spanish naval base in the Caribbean, and dealt a serious blow to the Spanish navy. Havana was subsequently returned to Spain under the 1763 Treaty of Paris that formally ended the war.

Spanish preparations
Before involving his country in the conflict raging in Europe and across the world, Charles III of Spain made provisions to defend the Spanish colonies against the British navy. For the defence of Cuba, he appointed Juan de Prado as commander-in-chief. De Prado arrived at Havana in February 1761 and began work to improve the fortifications of the city.

In June 1761, a flotilla of seven ships of the line under the command of Admiral Gutierre de Hevia arrived at Havana, transporting two regular infantry regiments (España and Aragón) totalling some 1,000 men. However, yellow fever quickly reduced the defending forces, and by the time of the siege, they had been reduced to 3,850 soldiers, 5,000 sailors and marines and 2,800 militia. The main garrison consisted of:

España Infantry Regiment (481)
Aragón Infantry Regiment (265)
Havana Infantry Regiment (856)
Edinburgh's Dragoons (150)
Army's gunners (104)
Navy's gunners and marines (750)
Havana had one of the finest harbours in the West Indies. It could easily accommodate up to 100 ships of the line. A 180 m wide and 800 m long entrance channel gave access to the harbour, and Havana housed important shipyards capable of building first-rate Man-of-war ships.

Two strong fortresses defended the entrance channel; on the north side of the channel stood the very strong Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro (known in English as Morro Castle) on the rocky Cavannos Ridge. It had 64 heavy guns and was garrisoned by 700 men. The south side was defended by the Castillo de San Salvador de la Punta. The channel could also be blocked by a boom chain extending from El Morro to La Punta. Havana itself lay on the south side along the channel and was surrounded by a wall 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) long. Havana was considered impregnable, and hadn't been taken since the French pirates in the 16th century.

British preparations
When war broke out with Spain plans were made in Great Britain for an amphibious attack on Havana. The expedition was under the command of George Keppel, 3rd Earl of Albemarle, with Vice-Admiral Sir George Pocock as naval commander. This plan also called for Jeffrey Amherst to embark 4,000 men from America to join Keppel and to assemble another force of 8,000 men for an attack on Louisiana.

During the month of February, British troops embarked, they consisted of:

22nd Regiment of Foot
34th Regiment of Foot
56th Regiment of Foot
72nd Richmond's Regiment of Foot
On 5 March the British expedition sailed from Spithead, England, with 7 ships of the line and 4,365 men aboard 64 transports, and arrived in Barbados on 20 April. Five days later the expedition reached Fort Royal on the recently conquered island of Martinique where it picked up the remainder of Major-General Robert Monckton's expedition, still numbering 8,461 men. Rear Admiral George Rodney's squadron, amounting to 8 ships of the line also joined the expedition bringing the total number of ships of the line to 15.

On 23 May the expedition, now off the northwest corner of Saint-Domingue (present-day Haiti), was further reinforced by Sir James Douglas' squadron from Port Royal, Jamaica. The force under Albemarle now amounted to 21 ships of the line, 24 lesser warships, and 168 other vessels, carrying some 14,000 seamen and marines plus another 3,000 hired sailors and 12,826 regulars.

On 6 June the British force came into sight of Havana. Immediately, 12 British ships of the line were sent to the mouth of the entrance channel to block in the Spanish fleet. The British planned to begin the operations by the reduction of the Morro fortress, on the north side of the channel, through a formal Vauban-style siege. The commanding position of this fort over the city would then force the Spanish commander to surrender. However, this plan did not take into account the fact that the fortress was located on a rocky promontory where it was impossible to dig approach trenches and that a large ditch cut into the rock protected the fort on the land side.

The Spanish force under Prado and Admiral Hevia, surprised by the size of the attacking force, adopted a delaying defensive strategy, hoping for a relief force or for an epidemic of yellow fever among the besiegers or for a hurricane destroying the British fleet. Accordingly, the Spanish fleet was kept in the harbour while its sailors, gunners and marines were sent to garrison the fortresses of Morro and Punta which were placed under the command of naval officers. Most of the shot and powder of the fleet as well as its best guns were also transferred to these two fortresses. Meanwhile, regular troops were assigned to the defence of the city.

The channel entrance was immediately closed with the boom chain. Furthermore, 3 ships of the line (Asia (64), Europa (64) and Neptuno (74)) were selected among the fleet for their poor condition and sunk behind the boom chain. Realising the importance of the Morro, the Spanish commanders gave it top priority.

On 7 June the British troops were landed northeast of Havana, and began advancing west the next day. They met a militia party that was easily pushed back. By the end of the day, British infantry had reached the vicinity of Havana. The defence of the Morro was assigned to Luis Vicente de Velasco e Isla, a naval officer, who immediately took measures to prepare and provision the fortress for a siege.

Siege of El Morro
El Morro fortress in Havana, built in 1589

On 11 June a British party stormed a detached redoubt on the Cavannos heights. Only then did the British command realise how strong the Morro was, surrounded by brushwood and protected by a large ditch. With the arrival of their siege train the next day, the British began erecting batteries among the trees on La Cabana hill overlooking the Morro (some 7 metres (23 ft) higher) as well as the city and the bay. Surprisingly, this hill had been left undefended by the Spanish army despite its well-known strategic importance. The king of Spain had even instructed Prado to fortify this hill, a task that he considered the most urgent among those confided to his commander.

On 13 June a British detachment landed at Torreón de la Chorrera, on the west side of the harbour. Meanwhile, Colonel Patrick Mackellar, an engineer, was overseeing the construction of the siege works against the Morro. Since digging trenches was impossible, he resolved to erect breastworks instead. He planned to mine towards a bastion of the Morro once his siege works would have reached the ditch and to create a runway across this ditch with the rubble produced by his mining activities.

On 22 June, 4 British batteries totalling 12 heavy guns and 38 mortars opened fire on the Morro from La Cabana. Mackellar gradually advanced his breastworks towards the ditch under cover of these batteries.

By 29 June, the British batteries had increased their daily direct hits on the Morro to 500. Velasco was losing as many as 30 men each day, and the workload of repairing the fortress every night was so exhausting that men had to be rotated into the fort from the city every three days. Velasco finally managed to convince Prado that a raid was necessary against the British batteries. At dawn on 29 June 988 men (a mixed company of grenadiers, marines, engineers, and slaves) attacked the siege works. They reached the British batteries from the rear and started to spike guns, but British reaction was swift, and the attackers were repulsed before they caused any serious damage.

On 1 July, the British launched a combined land and naval attack on the Morro. The fleet detached 4 ships of the line for this purpose: HMS Stirling Castle, HMS Dragon, HMS Marlborough and HMS Cambridge. The naval and land artilleries simultaneously opened fire on the Morro. However, naval guns were ineffective, the fort being located too high. Counter-fire from 30 guns of the Morro inflicted 192 casualties and seriously damaged the ships, one of which was later scuttled, forcing them to withdraw. Meanwhile, the bombardment by the land artillery was far more effective. By the end of the day, only 3 Spanish guns were still effective on the side of the Morro facing the British batteries.

On 2 July, the British breastworks around the Morro caught fire and the batteries were burned down, destroying the product of much of the work undertaken since mid June. Velasco immediately capitalized on this event, remounting many guns and repairing breaches in the fortifications of the Morro.

Since its arrival at Havana, the British army had heavily suffered from yellow fever. It was now at half strength. Since the hurricane season was approaching, Albemarle was now engaged in a race against time. He ordered the batteries to be rebuilt with the help of men of the fleet. Many 32-pdrs were taken from the lower deck of several ships to equip these new batteries.

By 17 July the new British batteries had progressively silenced most of Velasco's guns, leaving only two of them operational. With the absence of artillery cover, it now became impossible for the Spanish troops to repair the damage being inflicted on the Morro. Mackellar was also able to resume construction of siege works to approach the fortress. With the army in such a bad condition, work progressed rather slowly. All hope of the British army now resided in the expected arrival of reinforcements from North America.

On 20 July the progress of siege works allowed the British to begin the mining towards the right bastion of the Morro. Meanwhile, the now unopposed British artillery was daily hitting the Morro up to 600 times, causing some 60 casualties. Velasco had now no hope but to destroy British siege works. At 4 am on 22 July 1,300 regulars, seamen and militia sallied from Havana in three columns and attacked the siege works surrounding the Morro. The sortie did not succeed and the siege works were left relatively intact.

On 24 July Albemarle offered Velasco the opportunity to surrender, allowing him to write his own terms of capitulation. Velasco answered that the issue would rather be settled by force of arms.

On 27 July the reinforcements from North America led by Colonel Burton finally arrived. During their journey, they had been attacked by the French, who captured some 500 men. These reinforcements consisted of:

46th Thomas Murray's Regiment of Foot
58th Anstruther's Regiment of Foot
American provincials (3,000 men)
Gorham's and Danks' Rangers - which were combined into a 253-man ranger corps.
On 29 July the mine near the right bastion of the Morro fort was completed and ready to explode. Albemarle vainly feigned an assault, hoping that Velasco would finally decide to surrender. On the contrary, Velasco decided to launched a desperate attack from the sea upon the British miners in the ditch.

At 2:00 am on 30 July two Spanish schooners attacked the miners from the sea. Their attack was unsuccessful and they had to withdraw. At 1:00 pm the British finally detonated the mine. The debris of the explosion partly filled the ditch but Albemarle judged it passable, and launched an assault, sending 699 picked men against the right bastion. Before the Spanish could react, 16 men gained a foothold on the bastion. Velasco then rushed to the breach with his troops. He was mortally wounded during the ensuing hand-to-hand fighting. Once the British were in control of the Morro fort Velasco was transported to Havana.

At 9:00 pm on 31 July, Velasco died of his wound. The British now occupied a position commanding the city as well as the bay. They built batteries along the north side of the entrance channel from the Morro fort to La Cabana hill.

On 11 August, after Prado had rejected the demand for surrender sent to him by Albemarle, the British batteries opened fire on Havana. A total of 47 guns (15 x 32-pdrs, 32 x 24-pdrs), 10 mortars and 5 howitzers pounded the city from a distance of 500-800m. By the end of the day Fort la Punta was silenced. Prado had no other choice left but to surrender.

On 12 and 13 August negotiations of the articles of capitulation went on, and Prado and his army obtained the honours of war. Hevia neglected to burn his fleet which fell intact in the hands of the British.

On 14 August the British entered the city. They had obtained possession of the most important harbour in the Spanish West Indies along with military equipment, 1,828,116 Spanish pesos and merchandise valued around 1,000,000 Spanish pesos. Furthermore, they had seized 20% of the ships of the line of the Spanish Navy, namely Aquilón (74), Conquistador (74), Reina (70), San Antonio (64), Tigre (70), San Jenaro (60), África (70), América (60), Infante (74) and Soberano (74), together with 3 frigates, 9 smaller vessels including the Marte (18) commanded by Domingo de Bonechea and some armed vessels belonging to trading companies (Compañía de La Habana and Compañía de Caracas). Furthermore, two new almost-completed ships of the line were seized in the dockyards - San Carlos (80) and Santiago (60 or 80).

During the siege the British had lost 2,764 killed, wounded, captured or deserted, but by 18 October also had lost 4,708 dead from sickness. One of the most depleted brigades was transferred to North America where it lost a further 360 men within a month of arrival. Three ships of the line were lost either as a direct result of Spanish gunfire or severe damage received which would cause their demise later. Shortly after the siege HMS Stirling Castle was declared unserviceable and was stripped and scuttled. HMS Marlborough sank in the Atlantic due to extensive damage received during the siege, and HMS Temple was lost while returning to Britain for repairs.

On their return to Spain Prado and Hevia were court-martialed and convicted.

The loss of Havana and Western Cuba was a serious blow to Spain. Not only were the financial losses considerable, the loss in prestige was even greater. This defeat, together with the conquest of Manila by the British one and a half months later, meant the loss of both the capitals of the Spanish West Indies and the Spanish East Indies. This confirmed British naval supremacy, and showed the fragility of the Spanish Empire. Just as the earlier War of Jenkins' Ear had forced the British government into a thorough review of its military, this war forced the Spanish government into undertaking a similar process.

Havana and Manila were returned to Spain as a result of the 1763 Treaty of Paris, but Spain was required to cede Florida and Minorca to Great Britain and pay the Manila Ransom. Spain received French Louisiana as a payment for intervening in the war on the side of the French and as compensation for having lost Florida.

The British Fleet Entering Havana 

What it looks like today

Friday, June 16, 2017

Rollo My 34th Great Grandfather

Rollo (Norman: Rou; Old Norse: Hrólfr; French: Rollon; c. 846 - c. 930 AD) was a Viking who became the first ruler of Normandy, a region of France. He is sometimes called the 1st Duke of Normandy. Rollo emerged as the outstanding personality among the Norsemen who had secured a permanent foothold on Frankish soil in the valley of the lower Seine. Charles the Simple, the king of West Francia, ceded them lands between the mouth of the Seine and what is now the city of Rouen in exchange for Rollo agreeing to end his brigandage, and provide the Franks with protection against future Viking raids.

Rollo is first recorded as the leader of these Viking settlers in a charter of 918, and he continued to reign over the region of Normandy until at least 928. He was succeeded by his son, William Longsword in the Duchy of Normandy that he had founded. The offspring of Rollo and his followers became known as the Normans. After the Norman conquest of England and their conquest of southern Italy and Sicily over the following two centuries, their descendants came to rule Norman England (the House of Normandy), the Kingdom of Sicily (the Kings of Sicily) as well as the Principality of Antioch from the 10th to 12th century, leaving behind an enduring legacy in the historical developments of Europe and the Near East.

I wonder what a King of this status would wear in his time?

The name Rollo is generally presumed to be a latinisation of the Old Norse name Hrólfr - a theory that is supported by the rendition of Hrólfr as Roluo in the Gesta Danorum. It is also sometimes suggested that Rollo may be a latinised version of another Norse name, Hrollaugr.

Rollo is generally identified with one Viking in particular - a man of high social status mentioned in Icelandic sagas, which refer to him by the Old Norse name Göngu-Hrólfr, meaning "Hrólfr the Walker". (Göngu-Hrólfr is also widely known by an Old Danish variant, Ganger-Hrolf.) The byname "Walker" is usually understood to suggest that Rollo was so physically imposing that he could not be carried by a horse and was obliged to travel on foot. Norman and other French sources do not use the name Hrólfr and the identification of Rollo with Göngu-Hrólfr is based upon similarities between circumstances and actions ascribed to both figures.

The 10th century Norman historian Dudo records that Rollo took the baptismal name Robert. A variant spelling, Roul, is used in the 12th-century Norman French Roman de la Rou, which was compiled by Wace and commissioned by King Henry II of England (a descendant of Rollo).

Rollo was born in the latter half of the 9th century; his place of birth is unknown.

The earliest well-attested historical event associated with Rollo is his leadership of Vikings who besieged Paris in 885-886.

Perhaps the earliest known source to mention Rollo's early life is the French chronicler Richer of Reims, who claims (in the 10th Century) that Rollo was the son of a Viking named Ketill. In terms of onomastics, it is interesting that Richer also names - without explicitly linking him to Rollo - a man named Ketill as being the leader of subsequent Viking raids (in 888), against areas on the coast of West Francia, between the Seine and the Loire.

A biography of Rollo, written by the cleric Dudo of Saint-Quentin in the late 10th Century, claimed that Rollo was from Denmark. One of Rollo's great-grandsons and a contemporary of Dudo was known as Robert the Dane. However, Dudo's Historia Normannorum (or Libri III de moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum) was commissioned by Rollo's grandson, Richard I of Normandy and - while Dudo likely had access to family members and/or other people with a living memory of Rollo - this fact must be weighed against the text's potential biases, as an official biography. According to Dudo, an unnamed king of Denmark was antagonistic to Rollo's family, including his father - an unnamed Danish nobleman - and Rollo's brother Gurim. Following the death of Rollo and Gurim's father, Gurim was killed and Rollo was forced to leave Denmark. Dudo appears to have been the main source for William of Jumièges (after 1066) and Orderic Vitalis (early 12th century), although both include additional details.

A Norwegian background for Rollo was first explicitly claimed by Goffredo Malaterra (Geoffrey Malaterra), an 11th-century Benedictine monk and historian, who wrote: "Rollo sailed boldly from Norway with his fleet to the Christian coast." Likewise, the 12th-century English historian William of Malmesbury stated that Rollo was "born of noble lineage among the Norwegians".

A chronicler named Benoît (probably Benoît de Sainte-More) wrote in the mid-12th Century Chronique des ducs de Normandie that Rollo had been born in a town named "Fasge". This has since been variously interpreted as referring to Faxe, in Sjælland (Denmark), Fauske, in Hålogaland (Norway), or perhaps a more obscure settlement that has since been abandoned or renamed. Benoît also repeated the claim that Rollo had been persecuted by a local ruler and had fled from there to "Scanza island", by which Benoît probably means Scania (Swedish Skåne). While Faxe was physically much closer to Scania, the mountainous scenery of "Fasge", described by Benoît, would seem to be more like Fauske.

Rollo was first explicitly identified with Hrólf the Walker (Norse Göngu-Hrólfr; Danish Ganger-Hrólf) by the 13th-century Icelandic sagas, Heimskringla and Orkneyinga Saga. Hrólf the Walker was so named because he "was so big that no horse could carry him". The Icelandic sources claim that Hrólfr was born in Møre, western Norway, in the late 9th century and that his parents were the Norwegian jarl Rognvald Eysteinsson ("Rognvald the Wise") and a noblewoman from Møre named Hildr Hrólfsdóttir. However, these claims were made three centuries after the history commissioned by Rollo's own grandson.

There may be circumstantial evidence for kinship between Rollo and his historical contemporary, Ketill Flatnose, King of the Isles - a Norse realm centred on the Western Isles of Scotland. If, as Richer suggested, Rollo's father was also named Ketill and as Dudo suggested, Rollo had a brother named Gurim, such names are onomastic evidence for a family connection: Icelandic sources name Ketill Flatnose's father as Björn Grímsson, and "Grim" - the implied name of Ketill Flatnose's paternal grandfather - was likely cognate with Gurim. In addition, both Irish and Icelandic sources suggest that Rollo, as a young man, visited or lived in Scotland, where he had a daughter named Cadlinar (Kaðlín; Kathleen). Moreover, Ketill Flatnose's ancestors were said to have come from Møre - Rollo's ancestral home in the Icelandic sources. However, Ketill was a common name in Norse societies, as were names like Gurim and Grim. It is also possible that the later sources were attempting to suggest an otherwise undocumented link between the historical figures of Rollo and Ketill Flatnose, by way of little-known, possibly apocryphal figures like Grim, Gurim and the Ketill said to be Rollo's father.

What did he live in??? A Castle??? A House??? 

Bunratty Castle shown above is an example of a Norman manor house. It was constructed about 1270.

Nunney Castle

Both were built by Normans so I would bet he lived in something similar when he was in his homeland.

I must say I am really excited to have a 34th great grandfather who was the first ruler of France. Not because he was a King but the historical value is so interesting and now that I know this, I find myself reading everything I can on him and his reign. 

He is buried at Rouen Cathedral in Rouen, France.

That is amazing!!! I need to put this on my bucket list.

Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Workday Wednesday: My Dad The Trucker

My dad Donald Ray Kubberness wasn't home much when I was a kid, he had all kinds of jobs, traveling salesmen, ran a chain of laundromats, and was a truck driver of everything you could imagine. 

This photo of me and my brothers was taken in front of my grandmother Dorothy Couch-Robertson's house in Stockton, CA. With her dog Cocoa. This is just one of many trucks my dad drove, but this truck took us away from California to Bismarck, North Dakota in 1979.

My dad drove anything from semi trucks to dump trucks

My dad even hauled the boom for the Prairie Rose in Falkirk Mine in Underwood, ND 

My future 2nd husband at that time was working for Oxentenko and he painted the boom, and we hadn't even meet yet, how strange is that?

Eventually my dad found a great Union ob working for Consolidated Freightways in Bismarck, ND and was home every other day. Strange for us kids to get use to this as I was a teenager in 1980s. But daddy was always a hard worker and he never failed to provide for his family.

In May of 1985 he was transferred from Bismarck, ND to Peru, IL and that was the hardest day of my life. I was just married in 1984 and had my first child and here my family was moving without me.  It was devastating for me. But as they say life goes on.

Heres some history of Consolidated Freightways: 

Consolidated Freightways (CF), was an American multinational LTL (Less Than Truckload) freight service and logistics company founded on April 1, 1929, in Portland, Oregon, and later relocated to Vancouver, Washington. Affectionately known as "CornFlakes", Consolidated Freightways was also the founder of the Freightliner line of heavy trucks, now owned by Daimler-Benz. At its height, the company possessed over 350 terminals, employing more than 15,000 truck drivers, dock workers, dispatchers and management. Consolidated Freightways was once the nation's number one long-haul trucking company and the 3rd largest-ever U.S. bankruptcy filing.

On April 1, 1929 Consolidated Freightways was founded by Leland James as a single truck LTL operation in Portland, Oregon. The company realized expanded growth rather quickly. James was an innovator, and purchased his custom power units from Freightways Manufacturing Company. Always striving to haul more product on a truck/trailer combination, James helped design the first C.O.E. (Cab Over Engine) cab-over power units the United States had ever seen. The power units were lightweight and short, allowing for an additional freight box mounted on the frame of the truck behind the cab (single trailer units). With the short cab-overs, short trailers (hitched as doubles) could be lengthened, allowing for more freight as well. Length laws were stringent in the 1930s, so if a company were to survive they had to be innovative. In Nov. 1951, Consolidated Freightways went public, opening on the New York Stock Exchange at $1.80. The stock was valued at $38.00/share in 1981. In 1981, CF won a case before the U.S. Supreme Court, Kassel v. Consolidated Freightways Corp.. The court found that Iowa's length restriction on tractor-trailers violated the Dormant Commerce Clause.

In 1983, CF Inc. ventured into regional trucking with its spin off Con-Way carriers.[1] Consolidated Freightways' drivers and dockworkers were unionized, and the new Con-Way (Con-way Central Express (CCX), Con-way Western Express (CWX), Con-way Eastern Express (CEX), etc.) were nonunion, creating tense relations with CF's Teamsters.

On April 3, 1989, CF Inc. purchased Emery Air Freight Corp. merging it with their own CF AirFreight operation and renamed it Emery Worldwide. This, along with Menlo Forwarding, was later sold to UPS.

In 1996, Consolidated Freightways, Inc. spun off its unionized long-haul trucking company, CF MotorFreight, creating two separate publicly traded companies. Parent company, Consolidated Freightways, Inc. was renamed CNF Transportation Inc., reflecting the familiar stock ticker symbol of the company (CNF). CNF retained the Con-Way regional trucking companies, Emery Worldwide and a growing logistical systems department.

Consolidated Freightways Corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on September 3, 2002, and ceased operations.

April 18, 2006, CNF Transportation re-branded itself under its Con-Way image and continues in business today.

On October 30, 2015, Con-way Trucking was acquired by Greenwich, CT-based XPO Logistics, Inc.

A defaced Consolidated Freightways trailer.
A defaced Consolidated Freightways trailer.

In 1939, CF Inc. bought Freightways Manufacturing, re-branding it as Freightliner Manufacturing. White Motor Company marketed and sold the excess trucks that Consolidated didn't need, as it expanded, creating the White Freightliner name. Consolidated also built their own trailers, eliminating the middleman and allowing for costs to stay low. By purchasing custom trucks from a company they owned and building their own trailers, CF was able to hold a strategic advantage over its competition. Because of a deregulation bill passed by Congress in 1980, on July 31, 1981, CF Parent company Consolidated Freightways, Inc. sold its truck manufacturing business and the Freightliner brand to Daimler AG.

My dad arrived for work in his usual way to find he no longer had a job and that his company was out of business. He lost all his stock. No one had a clue and when they arrived the gates were locked and a notice on it read out of business. These drivers and their families were devastated. 

Dad retired and his pension but those stocks would of helped tremendously. 

My dad will be 85 years old in July and he is still a very active man. If he could still get a CDL he would be on the open road driving once again. I love you daddy!!!!!